Strong-Named Assemblies (.NET)     [Definition]

"A name that consists of an assembly's identity its simple text name, version number, and culture information (if provided) strengthened by a public key and a digital signature generated over the assembly. Because the assembly manifest contains file hashes for all the files that constitute the assembly implementation, it is sufficient to generate the digital signature over just the one file in the assembly that contains the assembly manifest. Assemblies with the same strong name are expected to be identical."

[Taken from the MSDN .NET Framework Developer's Guide.]

 

See also:  "Assemblies."